What do we mean by Neurodiversity?

Like the equivalent term ‘biodiversity’, which refers to the whole biosphere, neurodiversity refers to the whole human race, and the infinite variation in neurocognitive functioning that has evolved within our species (with thanks to Nick Walker http://neurocosmopolitanism.com/ neurodiversity-some-basic-terms-definitions).


Sometimes abbreviated as ND, neurodivergent means having a style of neurocognitive functioning that diverges significantly from the dominant societal standards of ‘normal’.(Nick Walker). Neurodivergent people include dyslexics, dyspraxics, AD(H)D, autistics (including those with Asperger’s), dyscalculics, OCD, dysgraphics, tourettes, etc. (Nick Walker)


Sometimes abbreviated as NT, neurotypical means having a style of neurocognitive functioning that falls within the dominant
societal standards of ‘normal’. (Nick Walker)


Sometimes abbreviated as ND, a group of people is neurodiverse if one or more members of the group differ substantially from other members, in terms of their neurocognitive functioning. (Nick Walker)

Reasonable Adjustments

‘Equality law recognises that bringing about equality for disabled people may mean changing the way in which services are
delivered, providing extra equipment and/or the removal of physical barriers….. ‘The duty to make reasonable adjustments aims to make sure that a disabled person can use a service as close as it is reasonably possible to get to the standard usually offered to nondisabled people. When the duty arises, a service provider is under a positive and proactive duty to take steps to remove or prevent these obstacles.

’Equality and Human Rights Commission. Equality Act 2010: Summary Guidance on Services, Public Functions and Associations. www.equalityhumanrights.com 2 Last revised 09-2014

Statistical significance

This is the likelihood that a relationship between two or more variables is caused by something other than random chance. Statistical significance is usually considered to be achieved when the random chance of the occurrence happening is less than 5% (or less than 1 in 20 occasions).

Chi Squared test

A chi square statistic is a measurement of how expectations compare to results. The data used in calculating a chi square statistic must be random, raw, mutually exclusive, drawn from independent variables and drawn from a large
enough sample.


Is calculated to give a measure of the statistical significance, and takes account of group sizes. For example p<0.05 means that there are less than 5 chances in 100 (or 1 in 20) that the pattern of results could occur by random chance. Similarly, p<0.001 means there is less than one chance in a 1000 that it could occur by random chance.

Source the WAC Report (2018)